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Egg donor surrogacy, sex selection, embryo ownerlessness... Infertility anxiety gives birth to assisted reproduction dis

2022-10-20 11:22 browse:

More and more hospitals in the atlas have set up infertility consultation clinics, and there are an endless stream of patients every day

This is the scene that half month reporters have interviewed and found in many places

In recent years, affected by social emotions, environmental pollution and other factors, the number of infertile people in society has increased

Many people are eager to have children and place their hopes on assisted reproductive medical technology

The huge demand and the huge commercial benefits resulting from it have led to a "mixture of good and evil" in the field of assisted reproductive medicine in some places

The assisted reproduction market is growing explosively

"At present, we can make the third generation of test tube babies

There are more than 3000 cases of assisted reproduction every year

We are a large income earner in the hospital

Couples who make test tube babies are more than 60 years old

" A chief physician in charge of assisted reproduction in a class III class a hospital told banyuetan that in recent years, with the liberalization of the two child policy, the demand of the Post-70s and post-80s to have two children has increased

In addition, there are more and more people with abnormal fertility, and the "demand side" population of assisted reproduction is becoming larger and larger

Some hospitals with high technical level are in short supply of relevant businesses

A doctor from the reproductive center of a general hospital said, "we only started the application of IVF technology after 2006

At present, many couples who do IVF are young people under the age of 35

They are busy every day

" Professor xiaohongmei from the Institute of reproduction and stem cell engineering of Central South University said that at present, some infertile couples have a "reproductive anxiety" - natural pregnancy has failed repeatedly, and they are eager to conceive the next generation through test tube baby technology

Suqin, 33, failed in her first three attempts to become a test tube baby

Although she spent tens of thousands of yuan each time, she still insisted on "repeated failures and trials" and resolutely refused to give up

"I have been trying to be a test tube baby since I was 28 years old

This year is the fourth time I have been a test tube baby

From the first generation of test tube baby technology to the current third generation, it can be said that assisted reproduction is all my hope, and I am willing to pay a high price for it

" Luguangxiu, director of the domestic engineering research center for human stem cells, introduced that the incidence of infertility shows an upward trend due to environmental pollution, premarital sex, sexually transmitted disease infection, increased number of people and drug abortion, high work pressure, delayed childbearing age and other factors

In this context, in recent years, the number of state-owned, private and mixed ownership assisted reproductive medical institutions has increased dramatically, and many institutions have a large business volume

Half a month's talk the reporter learned from the CITIC Xiangya reproductive and genetic hospital that over the past 30 years, more than 130000 babies have been born in this hospital through the test tube baby technology

Stimulated by commercial impulse, "black market" risks frequently occur

"Regular hospital operation, professional test tube service, screening of high-quality healthy embryos by Thailand's third-generation PGD, and free choice of, surrogate, boy and girl!" This is one of the thousands of pieces of information obtained by the semimonthly reporter by inputting "surrogacy" on the website

"Thailand's third-generation test tube baby technology helps you get pregnant without suffering from pregnancy, and surrogacy can relieve your worries

" The reporter learned that at present, such small advertisements for surrogacy have been posted in Colleges and universities

Near the gate of a hospital in Hunan, there are such advertisements even outside the supermarket

Banyuetan reporter found that the huge demand and the resulting huge commercial benefits have led to a "mix of good and evil" in the field of assisted reproductive medicine, the existence of "black market" in surrogacy and the abuse of the third-generation test tube baby technology

The reporter contacted Mr

Shi, who gave birth to a "second child" through test tube baby technology and surrogacy

He said: "we contacted the hospitals and surrogate women who do test tube babies through intermediaries

It cost 60000 yuan to do test tube babies and gave 200000 surrogate women

Now the child has been born

" Xiaohongmei said that some elderly women with ovarian failure need treatment, while the reproductive center of public hospitals is not very enthusiastic about treatment

As a result, some patients pay high prices for illegal treatment, which has given birth to a "one-stop" black industrial chain including physical examination, drainage promotion and surrogacy

A doctor in the assisted reproductive medicine department of a large hospital said that various underground black clinics engage in illegal assisted reproductive transactions and mainly rely on various channels to publish small advertisements

"The bathroom door of our hospital is often covered with such advertisements

After we clear one batch, another batch will reappear immediately

We can't finish it

" "Some people rely on test tube baby technology and surrogate means to give birth to several children at a time; there are also female students who sell eggs through black intermediaries

As a result, due to improper operation of promoting ovulation, the ovaries are overturned and eventually removed

" A doctor said

The third generation test tube baby technology is an effective assisted reproductive technology to block the transmission of genetic diseases before pregnancy, including preimplantation genetic diagnosis and preimplantation genetic screening

The indications are chromosomal diseases, mitochondrial diseases, the woman's reproductive age, recurrent abortion, etc

Some experts told banyuetan that some assisted reproductive technologies, including the third-generation test tube baby technology, are being abused

Xiaohongmei revealed that under the guidance of interests, some medical institutions have developed the third-generation test tube baby technology for couples under the age of 35 who do not have genetic diseases

Others have heard that the third generation of test tube baby technology can be used to screen the gender, and the third generation of test tube baby can be named by name

The cost of doing it is 50000 or 60000 yuan

Some experts also introduced that some assisted reproductive genetic medical institutions have even established embryo banks, and some orphaned embryos are used as "frontier research"

Once the relevant technologies are abused, the ethical and social risks are immeasurable

The experts pointed out that the frontier research in the field of reproduction and genetics involves science, ethics, safety, etc

, and is full of unknown risks

The technology application must be carried out carefully within the legal and ethical scope, and must not be mercenary

Zhanghongbing, a professor at Beijing centenarian Tongyan Medical College, suggested that the health authorities should strengthen the supervision of the third-generation IVF technology, especially strictly grasp the indications for genetic diagnosis and screening before embryo implantation

Yuanxiaolu, a lawyer from Hunan Jinzhou law firm, introduced that article 3 of China's administrative measures for human assisted reproductive technology stipulates that "it is prohibited to trade gametes, zygotes and embryos in any form

Medical institutions and medical personnel shall not implement any form of surrogacy technology

" In 2003, the former Ministry of Health issued the ethical principles of human assisted reproductive technology and human sperm bank, which also clearly stipulated that medical personnel should not implement surrogate technology

Banyuetan reporter's inquiry also found that the "measures for the administration of human assisted reproductive technology" stipulates that "the health administrative department shall give a warning, a fine of less than 30000 yuan, and give administrative sanctions to the person responsible for the implementation of surrogacy technology by medical institutions

" In response, some experts interviewed said that at present, such systems "can control those who abide by the rules, but can not control those who do not abide by the rules", and the relevant penalties are difficult to deter criminals

Because there are huge profits in "black market transactions" of assisted reproduction such as, surrogacy, and so on, some people in this line have repeatedly punished and committed crimes, and their courage has grown

Some people rely on strong "relationships" to "predict" when things go wrong "and" avert danger "when things go wrong

The interviewed medical circles and legal personages suggested that at present, relevant laws and policies should be further improved to regulate the research and application of assisted reproductive technology

People from all walks of life suggested that we should refine and improve the management system, issue corresponding laws and regulations, establish a supervision and balance mechanism, and effectively improve the efforts to crack down on illegal and illegal reproductive assistance

It is necessary to clarify the main responsibilities of the departments that supervise and crack down

Only when the health, market supervision, political and legal organs, discipline inspection and supervision, and public opinion supervision form a linkage, and severely crack down on the "black market" of assisted reproduction, can we promote the healthy development of the market of assisted reproductive medicine

(reporter Shuaicai suxiaozhou) +1 [error correction] responsible editor: Cheng Yao